provide many benefits. They can screen eyesores, soften built form,
cool and filter the air and reduce wind speeds. They provide shade,
habitats for wildlife, provide pleasant settings in which to
exercise, aid recovery from illness and promote feelings of well
Trees are however large biological organisms. Their health can decline and structural integrity fail as a result of mechanical defects, disease or decay. Trees or tree parts can weigh as little as a few kilos to several tonnes. Tree parts (twigs, branches and large limbs) can fall from considerable heights increasing their impact force and severity of damage whilst failure of roots or the trunk can result in catastrophic failure of the whole tree.
If the trees are small or located away from roads, buildings and frequently occupied areas the likelihood of damage or injury occurring (risk), is very low. Conversely trees close to highways buildings and frequently occupied areas pose a significantly greater risk as failure is more likely to result in damage, injury or death. The overall risk of serious injury or death in the UK is considered to be very low, however this is of little consequence to the injured party or their family when an accident does occur.
Tree owners and managers in the UK are required by both Common and Statute law to ensure their trees are reasonably safe and do not pose an unacceptable level of risk to visitors to the site or neighbours of the land on which trees are located. This does not however require that trees are maintained completely risk free as this would be an impossible task to achieve.
Owners and managers of large organisations or commercial premises have a further duty under the Health and Safety at Work Act to ensure a safe place of work and to protect non employees from risks associated with their enterprise (which includes their premises). Suitable risk assessment of large sites may identify various levels of risk and use which require different levels and frequency of inspections.
In order to discharge the duty an owner or manager must be able to show that their trees have been managed in a reasonable and proportionate way. Trees should therefore be inspected at regular intervals based on the level of risk posed. A competent person, owner or employee who has a basic knowledge of trees and their defects could carry out the initial inspection. They should however, be aware of the limits of their knowledge and know when to seek further advice. If the inspection identifies anything which could be considered different from a normal healthy tree, advice should be sought from a qualified, competent and experienced arborist.
Unless the trees are owned by a commercial enterprise or large organisation it is not a legal requirement to keep records of the inspections or risk assessments. It is however advisable to keep records as this proves a proactive system of tree inspections was carried out should an accident happen and a criminal prosecution or civil claim arise. A tree survey and will identify the risks posed, works required to reduce them to an acceptable level and provide a specification and time frame in which works should be completed. Any specified works should be completed within prescribed time frames to ensure the duty of care has been met.
Where tree owners do not feel that they are competent to inspect trees themselves, they should employ a professional tree surgeon who has sufficient skills, knowledge, ability, training and experience to inspect their trees in a competent manner. An instruction to carry out the tree inspection should be clear, unambiguous and preferably in writing. A suitably qualified person is likely to hold a recognised qualification in Arboriculture or Forestry and be able to show they maintain their knowledge through regular training events and reading. A person holding the Lantra Professional Tree Inspection certificate would be considered as being appropriately qualified.
If you live in North Wales be it Anglesey, Gwynedd or Conwy and have any concerns regarding trees on your property please don't hesitate to contact us at Dragon Tree Services. We can provide you with a free, no obligation quote for any tree work, hedge work or garden maintenance that you require. We can also carry out surveys of your trees and provide you with a written report detailing any recommended works.
What is Green Waste?
Green waste is essentially everything that is left over from pruning, felling and trimming during tree surgery. It is a biodegradable waste that is high in nitrogen.
Green waste can be separated and falls into three categories:
Woodchip:small pieces of wood from trunks or branches can often be processed in a wood chipper. Once the chipper has reduced them in size, this woodchip goes on to have many uses as recycled matter. The majority of waste that we have left over from a tree surgery project is recycled in this way.
Timber:there may sometimes be larger chunks of wood which have more value than simply being put through the chipper. Timber and other types of wood are often more useful as logs, and so we process this type of recyclable matter a different way to woodchip.
Non-chippable waste:there are other parts of the waste that are not appropriate for the chipper, such as grit that have made their way into the waste. This general mass is known as non-chippable waste.
Why Recycle Green Waste?
As mentioned, green waste is biodegradable, which means it can be broken down into its base compounds by other organisms and living things. It can therefore be incredibly useful for the ecosystem, and so shouldn’t be left to rot in landfills.
Once green waste has passed through our chipper and been formed into woodchip, there are several ways in which it can be used. Many of our customers request to keep the woodchip, as it can come in handy for lining pathways or borders in the garden. Alternatively, woodchip can be used or sold as ‘mulch’, which is placed on top of soil to improve the fertility of the soil and discourage the growth of weeds. Woodchip needs to be left to compost for several months before it becomes effective mulch, so it needs to be stored somewhere prior to the recycling.
Often, if there are logs of timber or similar woods left over in the green waste then our customers will request to keep this themselves. Logs come in extremely handy as firewood, or can even be used more creatively for building work and be turned into planks for beams, decking or furniture. If our customers have no need for the timber, then it can be sold on to local individuals or companies who can make use of it.
Just a few photos from a couple of jobs carried out over the last week.
The first three photos show the sectional dismantling of a large Macrocarpa tree in Bangor, North Wales. One very happy customer (and neighbour) as they will now have the famous and ever present North Wales sun streaming through their windows.
The other three photos show us taking down an Ash Tree near Llanrug which was overhanging the owners garage and parking area.
A few really nice days enjoying the delights of the North Wales weather.